Sunday, November 10, 2013

298. Journey to the Center of the Earth

TITLE: Journey to the Center of the EarthGENRE: Action, Adventure, FamilyYEAR: 2008

SUMMARY: The story begins in May 1863, the Lidenbrock house in , with Professor Lidenbrock rushing home to peruse his latest purchase, an original of an written by ("Heimskringla"; the chronicle of the Norwegian kings who ruled over Iceland). While looking through the book, Lidenbrock and his nephew Axel find a coded note written in . (This is a first indication of Verne's love for . Coded, cryptic or incomplete messages as a plot device will continue to appear in many of his works and in each case Verne goes a long way to explain not only the code used but also the mechanisms used to retrieve the original text.) Lidenbrock and Axel translate the runic characters into Latin letters, revealing a message written in a seemingly bizarre code. Lidenbrock attempts a decipherment, deducing the message to be a kind of ; but his results are as meaningless as the original.Professor Lidenbrock decides to lock everyone in the house and force himself and the others (Axel, and the maid, Martha) to go without food until he cracks the code. Axel discovers the answer when fanning himself with the deciphered text: Lidenbrock's decipherment was correct, and only needs to be read backwards to reveal sentences written in rough Latin. Axel decides to keep the secret hidden from Professor Lidenbrock, afraid of what the Professor might do with the knowledge, but after two days without food he cannot stand the hunger and reveals the secret to his uncle. Lidenbrock translates the note, which is revealed to be a medieval note written by the (fictional) Icelandic Arne Saknussemm, who claims to have discovered a passage to the centre of the Earth via Sn fell in . The deciphered message is written in what Axel calls bad Latin, which when translated into English reads:Descend, bold traveller, into the crater of the ofkull, which the shadow of Scartaris touches (lit: tastes) before the Kalends () of July, and you will attain the centre of the earth. I did it. Arne SaknussemmProfessor Lidenbrock is a man of astonishing impatience, and departs for Iceland immediately, taking his reluctant nephew with him. Axel, who, in comparison, is cowardly and anti-adventurous, repeatedly tries to reason with him, explaining his fears of descending into a and putting forward various scientific theories as to why the journey is impossible, but Professor Lidenbrock repeatedly keeps himself blinded against Axel's point of view. After a rapid journey via and , they arrive in , where the two procure the services of Hans Bjelke (a Danish-speaking Icelander hunter) as their guide, and travel overland to the base of the volcano.In late June, they reach the volcano, which has three craters. According to Saknussemm's message, the passage to the centre of the Earth is through the one crater that is touched by the shadow of a nearby mountain peak at noon. However, the text also states that this is only true during the last days of June. During the next few days, with July rapidly approaching, the weather is too cloudy for any shadows. Axel silently rejoices, hoping this will force his uncle - who has repeatedly tried to impart courage to him only to succeed in making him even more cowardly still - to give up the project and return home. Alas for Axel, however, on the last day, the sun comes out and the mountain peak shows the correct crater to take.After descending into this crater, the three travellers set off into the bowels of the Earth, encountering many strange phenomena and great dangers, including a chamber filled with combustible gas, and steep-sided wells around the "path". After taking a wrong turn, they run out of water and Axel almost dies, but Hans taps into a neighbouring . Lidenbrock and Axel name the resulting stream the "Hansbach" in his honour and the three are saved. At another point, Axel becomes separated from the others and is lost several miles from them. Luckily, a strange phenomenon allows him to communicate with them from some miles away, and they are soon reunited.After descending many miles, following the course of the Hansbach, they reach an unimaginably vast cavern. This underground world is lit by electrically charged gas at the ceiling, and is filled with a very deep subterranean ocean, surrounded by a rocky coastline covered in trees and giant . The travelers build a raft out of trees and set sail. The Professor names this sea as the Lidenbrock Sea. While on the water, they see several creatures such as a giant , which fights with a and wins. After the battle between the monsters, the party comes across an island with a huge , which Lidenbrock names "Axel's Island".A lightning storm again threatens to destroy the raft and its passengers, but instead throws them onto the coastline. This part of the coast, Axel discovers, is alive with prehistoric plant and animal life forms, including giant and a herd of . On a beach covered with bones, Axel discovers an . Axel and Lidenbrock venture some way into the prehistoric forest, where Professor Lidenbrock points out, in a shaky voice, a prehistoric human, more than twelve feet in height, leaning against a tree and watching a herd of mastodons. Axel cannot be sure if he has really seen the man or not, and he and Professor Lidenbrock debate whether or not a proto-human actually exists so far underground. The three wonder if the creature is a man-like ape, or an ape-like man. The sighting of the creature is considered the most alarming part of the story, and the explorers decide that it is better not to alert it to their presence as they fear it may be hostile.The travellers continue to explore the coastline, and find a passageway marked by Saknussemm as the way ahead. However, it is blocked by what appears to be a recent cave-in and two of the three, Hans and the Professor, despair at being unable to hack their way through the wall. The adventurers plan to blast the rock with and paddle out to sea to escape the blast. Upon executing the plan, however, they discover that behind the rockfall was a seemingly bottomless pit, not a passage to the centre of the earth. The travellers are swept away as the sea rushes into the large open gap in the ground. After spending hours being swept along at lightning speeds by the water, the raft ends up inside a large volcanic chimney filling with and . Terrified, the three are rushed upwards, through stifling heat, and are ejected onto the surface from a side-vent of a . When they regain consciousness, they discover that they have been ejected from , a located in southern . They return to to great acclaim - Professor Lidenbrock is hailed as one of the great scientists of history, Axel marries his sweetheart Gr uben, and Hans eventually returns to his peaceful life in . The Professor has some regret that their journey was cut short.At the very end of the book, Axel and Lidenbrock realize why their was behaving strangely after their journey on the raft. They realize that the needle was pointing the wrong way after being struck by an which nearly destroyed the wooden raft
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